DISOP Philippines

Capability Building and Development of Agricultural and Coastal Associations in Calubian Province of Leyte, Philippines (Phase IV)


Calubian Livelihood Assistance for Development, Inc. (CLAD, Inc.) Brgy. Cabalquinto, Calubian, Leyte Philippines

The Phase I of the project which started last 2005 and ended in 2007 led to the conversion of five Basic Ecclesial Communities (BEC) into five active cooperatives, namely; the Nipa-Calubian Credit Cooperative from Nipa BEC, Sr. San Roque Credit Coop from Ul-og BEC, Katilingbanon Multi-Purpose Cooperative from F.E. Marcos BEC, Villanueva Credit Coop from Villanueva BEC and Kabicolan Credit Coop from Sitio Kabicolan BEC.  For the last three years, these five cooperatives had slowly sustained and increased in various aspects of their operation. Subsequently, jobs had been created due to the implementation of members livelihood projects. Moreover, additional income was observed  to enterprising members and cooperative as well. For the three-year  duration of the Phase I, the five cooperatives were able to generate capital through their Capital Build-Up program. Sustain membership campaign  had been the flagship of cooperative operation in order to serve the wide range of poor populace in the locality.

As members of the core group who implemented the Phase I of  the program entitled “Capability building and development of  agricultural and coastal associations in Calubian, Province of Leyte, Philippines”, which was implemented by the Social Action Center of the Diocese of Naval since 2005-2007, CLAD, Inc. was organized by the group in 2007 to implement the Phase II of the same program. The said program was financed by the Belgian Government through DISOP Philippines. The program’s main objective was the creation of jobs thereby increasing the expendable income of the target family-beneficiaries.

The main thrust of Phase II of the project was the extension of CLAD services to four new beneficiaries in addition to the existing five cooperatives covered in Phase I. CLAD, through the funding support provided by DISOP Philippines had provided small capital for the beneficiaries to support their chosen livelihood enterprises. Provision of technical assistance to ensure the success of the undertakings was provided by CLAD personnel and technical people. Continuous monitoring and consultation was done so that whatever  problems related to project implementation could instantly be given corrective measures. Relevant trainings had also been conducted to improve the recipients’ capability in handling the project.

With the completion of Phase II in 2010, the Phase III of the project was implemented starting the year 2011 and soon to end in 2013. With the Phase III, another four new associations were covered with the project in addition to the existing nine cooperatives and associations making the total number of groups assisted by CLAD to thirteen groups. The last phase was able to generate a total cumulative Capital Build-Up of 3,686,364.20  with a total membership of 1,064 members.

During the implementation of the Phase III, another NGO has supported CLAD in co-funding agreement with DISOP which was implemented last October of 2011.  The Heifer International has provided CLAD assisted groups additional opportunities especially on the production of Livestock and other entrepreneurial activities. CLAD services has widened through the introduction of this  livestock production of different species specifically carabao, cattle, goat, swine and chicken. Utilization of the different products coming from these livestock will soon be explored such as meat processing and milk extraction and processing.

With the call of DISOP for a proposal for a three-year development project, CLAD hereby proposes to cover another five associations or cooperatives as well as give emphasis on developing enterprises which encourage application of the technology generated by the project as well as encourage participation of all the associations or the newly organized federation itself who will manage the proposed enterprises. Among the enterprises which CLAD has planned to implement within the three-year project is the Implementation of the Bagsakan Center which markets farm products especially various vegetables produced by the partner families as well as a home-based dairy production which would utilize livestock from Heifer project.

Historic of the relationship with DISOP

DISOP Philippines was a very important institution instrumental for the organization of the different farmers and fishermen associations and cooperatives in the municipality. In fact, the implementation of various development projects has caused the organization of CLAD, Inc, the NGO tasked of implementing the said development projects. CLAD was formally organized last 2007 prior to the implementation of the second phase of the project. DISOP also was instrumental for inclusion of CLAD Inc to the Heifer projects which support livelihood opportunities for the partner families.

Integration of lessons learned from the previous project

The proposed phase includes not only strengthening of the existing organizations but also creation or organization of new groups and integrate them to the whole project. Important lesson learned from the previous phases such as financial management especially on management of accounts receivable will be imparted to the new groups to minimize the risk of losses due to delinquency. Since Heifer project is one important component which is  integrated to the whole project in developing the countryside, strategy on the selection of partner families as well as the pass on families which was learned from the experience of the previous phase will be strictly adopted. While CLAD will be responsible for developing and  capacitating the newly organized groups, the federation of the different associations and cooperatives will have its critical role especially in identifying the entrepreneurial activities of the different groups as well as its members. Prioritization on financing assistance will be determine by the federation depending on the priority needs of member-group.

Context analysis

Way how the context analysis was made:

The context  analysis was made through a series of meetings and consultation with the target group or beneficiaries as well as the conduct of baseline survey.  An in-depth study on the condition of the target group though quick scan analysis and participatory rural appraisal had also been conducted  to identify priority needs of target beneficiaries to come with this proposal that would probably solve the primary problems of the municipality.

Short analysis of the political, economic and social context

The Municipality of Calubian is relatively a very young municipality. Carved out from the vast territory of the Municipality of Leyte, Calubian formally became municipality in 1919 at the height of American colonial period. Located at the northwestern tip or isthmus of the island of Leyte just across the island of Biliran towards the west which is separated by Biliran Strait,  Calubian is sitting on a rich environment of mangrove forests, wetland areas and a prolific fishing ground. It is bordered by San Isidro  towards the west facing the other side of the isthmus while the northern border looks beyond  to the San Bernardino  Strait towards the Samar Sea. The Municipality of Leyte comprises Calubian’s southern border.

Calubian is composed of 53 barangays with a total population of around 28,421 based on year-2000 census of population. Although NSO records showed that Calubian’s population in 1995 was already 31,074, massive migration to urban centers like Ormoc, Tacloban, Cebu and  Manila was considered as the main reason for significant numbers of population outflow.  However, the 2007 population survey conducted by the Municipal Population Office showed a slight increase to 29,945.

The municipality’s main economic and livelihood activities comprise mainly of agriculture and fishing. It is classified as a fifth class municipality as evident by its being a low income town. Other livelihood activities such as entrepreneurial and employment tend to provide the necessary complement to the rather unpredictable economic rewards brought about by agricultural and fishing activities.

Calubian could be very well classified as a 5th class municipality with an annual income of less than Php10 million a year is indeed a poor community.  Poverty incidence could possibly reach as high as 80 percent  of the whole population. While the town center is very small with just a few commercial establishment, still one cannot fail to notice the type  of commodities being sold ranging from food stuffs, animal feeds, farm inputs, construction supplies and assortment of dry goods, one cannot help but notice a good number of motorcycle parts supply stores. Motorcycle is considered the cheapest means of transportation to reach the furthest community even located in the mountainside.

In terms of political situations, Calubian’s political leadership has been very appreciative of the existence of the program in the municipality. In fact, the present leadership has been very supportive of all undertakings of CLAD especially in implementing various livelihood projects in the barangays. The recent result of the local election further strengthened the tie-up between CLAD and the local officials since all politicians backing up CLAD’s activities had won thus the continued collaboration between the two groups is assured.

Relevance of the project

Description of the problem and reasons why it was chosen to work on this problematic

Based on the participatory rural appraisal conducted by CLAD to the target beneficiaries, the most pressing problem most common in all the communities covered by the project is the low level of income of the farmers and fishermen. This is brought by some factors among them are lack of capital and technical knowledge of farmers and fishermen in adopting new income-generating technologies. Previous phases of the project has shown changes in the lives of the beneficiaries through the adoption of different technologies given to them through season long training especially in the production of various agricultural commodities, thus, this proposal has been prepared with the main purpose of expanding the project probably covering the whole municipality of Calubian. Therefore, this project entitled “Capability building and development of agricultural and coastal associations in the Municipality of Calubian” is a  very important undertaking which would expectedly lead towards transformation of marginal sector of society of the municipality.

Description of the target communities and final beneficiaries  

Although the project will also strengthened previously organized coops and association, priority will be given to organizing these five associations which are strategically located in the municipality. The five new focused groups are composed of three farmers associations, one is specific for rice production and the other remaining groups are both fishermen association.

  1. Kawayanan Farmers Integrated Livelihood Association – The group is located at the hinterland barangay of Kawayanan. It also absorbs farmers for membership coming from neighboring barangays of Kawayan Bugtong, Tuburan and Dulao. Majority of the farmers are focusing on vegetable production while others are into rice and corn production and other crops.
  2. Casiongan Farmers Association – Brgy Casiongan is the furthest barangay from the municipal center. The association from this barangay is composed of farmers who are mostly engaging in upland rice as well as corn
  3. Seahorse Fishermen Association – is an organization of fishermen coming from Brgy Cristina. The organization is very active in supporting the fishery sector in apprehending illegal fishing perpetrators in the municipal waters of Calubian.
  4. Padoga Fishermen Association – Numerous number of fishermen who had been fishing using hook-&-line are located at Brgy Padoga, hence, they should have to be organized so that their livelihood can be supported by the project.
  5. Laray Irrigators Association – Brgy Laray is the location of the newly rehabilitated irrigation system of the National Irrigation Administration (NIA) . Its final users, the rice farmers have to be organized and trained so that they could maximized the utilization of the irrigation waters traversing in their rice fields. Thus, they have to be covered by the project.


Local actors: Local civil society and public authorities, including decentralized.

Description :

Cooperation, coordination or networking in every member of society is one important goal towards realization of project’s objectives.  Every cooperatives were instructed to get involve with the local government activities and become active member of the local development councils.

With regards to CLADS networking activities, CLAD management had made it sure that Local and National Government support would be provided to the project. In fact, the project coordinators and consultants are also actively involved in government agencies. Linkaging to other government agencies had already been done hence support from these different agencies such as the Department of Agriculture both Local and National and Dept. of Labor and Employment is evident. Other government agencies would soon be tapped depending on the needs of the recipients.

The recent addition of another funder which is the Heifer International which collaborated with DISOP for co-funding the Project, it is expected that more benefits could be given to beneficiaries of the Project.

Analysis of the ways used to strengthen their capacities

Based on the result of the training needs assessment given to the members of the NGO and their assisted POs, trainings were conducted every year to augment the knowledge of every stakeholder to ensure the success in the operation of the project as well as improve their efficiency. New information learned by the NGO personnel and its community organizers are being re-echoed to the beneficiaries.  Adoption of the new information can be evaluated through their application to their own family to come up with a tangible result visible to the community organizers and project coordinator.

Foreign or international actors

The proposed Phase 4 will be a collaborative project between two international organizations, the  DISOP (Belgium)  and Heifer International (USA). The project will be implemented by CLAD, Inc., an NGO operating in the municipality of Calubian.  Assistance will also be extended by the Local Government Unit of Calubian.

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