Capul is a fifth class island municipality in the province of Northern Samar, Philippines. Capul is politically subdivided into 12 barangays; Aguin, Jubang, Landusan, Oson, Poblacion Barangay 1, Poblacion Barangay 2, Poblacion Barangay 3, Poblacion Barangay 4, Poblacion Barangay 5, Sagaosawan, San Luis and Sawang.
The municipality is comprised of twelve (12) barangays, with a total population of 10,619 in 2,071 households. (2000 Census). Being a municipality in a small island, all of its barangays are situated along the coastline.
Fishery and agriculture are the major economic activities in the municipality. More than 60% of the households in these communities consist of the poor earning only about three thousand pesos (P3,000) or less a month (poverty threshold is estimated to be at more than ten thousand pesos, P10,000). And, the municipal fisherfolks and small farmers continue to be marginalized sectors in the municipality.
Small fishers and farmers, both men and women are the target project-partners or beneficiaries. These are the sectors that suffer the insecurities brought by living in a small island. These are the people affected most by the sudden changes in economic, political and environmental situations caused by both people and nature. Their monthly income is below the poverty level per region 8 standards. They exist on a day-to-day basis.
Relevance of the project (Description of the problem and reasons why it was chosen to work on this problem)
Poverty, unemployment and environmental negligence; these are the main issues faced daily by residents of Capul. It is important that in dealing with these issues, we look into diversifying the actors and stakeholders with whom cooperation is sought. The Coastal Livelihoods and Area Management Development Project is part of SPPI’s Local Economy Development Program (LEDP). The project aims to contribute to the improvement of sustainable livelihoods and diversifying income sources in in rural communities by providing capability-building activities that would enhance the poorest of the poor’s access to employment and social enterprise opportunities, promote the participation of individual and groups into policy advocacies that will sustainably support livelihoods improvement, and encourage the development of coalitions between local, municipal, provincial and regional local government units and donors to identify strategic linkages and partnerships.
In the case of the Capul Island, and like the larger political unit of the Province of Northern Samar under which it belongs, Capul imports practically all its basic commodities. Coconuts are the easily visible vegetative cover over the whole island except for patches of brush vegetation interspersing the coconut trees.
While small backyard gardens and community gardens managed by people’s organizations and their members, yield occasional staple vegetable produce, the bulk of its food and basic commodities requirements is imported and ferried from the mainland in outrigger motorized bancas that shuttle people and cargo between the island and the mainland. The docking piers for the ferry bancas appear to be very old; in addition, not much has been done to maintain these elementary infrastructure points. The power infrastructure is severely limited, and for the baranggays that have it, electricity is limited to three (3) hours each day, from 6 pm to 9 pm, except in Poblacion barangays where they are illuminated from 12 noon until 10 PM.
LGU services are, in turn, very difficult to come by; personnel are available but supplies and equipment in baranggay health centers are practically non-existent. Primary health care is at a premium; secondary medical services are available only by going to the mainland. There was once a story that a mother died of dehydration because she could not be brought to the hospital in the mainland due to the heavy waves brought by a typhoon. Two local national high schools; one in Brgy. Landusan and another in Brgy. Poblacion provide secondary education facilities for the people.
Strategy of intervention (Results based management)
- Logical Framework (Annex B). The project is guided by a logical framework which stipulates the targets and objectively verifiable indicators of the 3-year project.
- Evolution of the activities indicators (Annex C). A detailed guide of the evolution of project activities are outlined with corresponding indicators and targets to achieve towards the end of the project.
- Synergies :
- The NGO, SPPI which provide community organizing, participatory development governance, access to markets and finance, gender and environment advocacies, services and program support.
- The LGUs, the barangay officials, the municipal mayor, and other LGU officials who are members of the Project Management Committee, and who meet every quarter to discuss program complementation. The Offices of the Municipal Planning and Development, Municipal Agriculture and the Dept. Of Interior and Local Government of Capul who have been giving training and other assistance of agriculture and disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM)activities.
- The Government Agencies like the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (Northern Samar Province, Region 8 and Central Office) – this group support sea-based nurseries by providing organized groups with materials and seaweed seedlings. They also give technical assistance to NGOs and POs.
- The academe; the Fisheries Department of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources of the University of Eastern Philippines. Though the UEP as an institution does not play a major role in SPPI’s LED Program, the Fisheries Department, specifically its representative, Dr. Ronelie Salvador is a mover in the field of seaweeds research and development as she is a recognized seaweeds scientist in the Philippines. She shares her knowledge and skills with the seaweed farmers and SPPI.
- MCPI which is a stable market for dried seaweeds.
- ICCO, a Dutch funding agency which has been providing SPPI with organizational, technical and financial support.
Integration of lessons learned from the previous project
Lessons learned presented through project results:
Result 1 aims to provide families with quality relevant training so they can diversify their income sources. The training activities on sustainable agriculture, seaweeds farming, and food processing have produced positive results in terms of livelihoods improvement and income-sources diversification. The study tour that was part of the capacity building activities, exposed them to situations where they learned how other people can be successful in their agricultural ventures and this challenged them to do more, to find ways how to produce marketable goods from resources around them. An obvious benefit of the trainings is the resulting employment for local people. These people who have traditionally found it hard to enter the labor market and those who found it harder to cope with their daily expenses now enjoy a regular source of food and income.
Result 2 is on organizational building and strengthening. The capability building activities for the people’s organizations helped them polish their internal organizational structures in order to ensure effectiveness and efficiency. The leadership training and regular meetings brought people together to act in the interest of their communities and the common good. Now, the collective capacity of the people makes them stronger in their advocacies and their decision-making processes. They are able to voice out their ideas and give feedback to their co-POs, to SPPI, and even to the LGU.
Result 3 is for organizations to sustainably manage their natural resources. Through the environmental evaluation tool, the community are more aware of their roles in resource conservation. It is still a reality though that we need to drive the message harder to other people in the communities. We need more drastic awareness raising campaigns to unite individuals and groups. The emphasis should be on the use our natural resources with a long-term vision of building communities.