DISOP Philippines

Integrated Community Development Project in Disaster Risk Areas in the Cities of Cebu, Tagbilaran and Ilo-ilo.


Pagtambayayong- A Foundation for Mutual Aid, Inc. (PFI) 102, P. del Rosario Extn., 6000 Cebu City Philippines

Pagtambayayong – A Foundation for Mutual Aid is a non-stock, non-profit, non-government organization formed by a group of Community Organizers in 1982. PFI is duly registered with Securities and Exchange Commission on September 8, 1982 with Articles of Incorporation and By-laws amended on September 17, 2011. PFI is also registered with Department of Social and Welfare Development implementing community based welfare services with License No. DSWD –FOVIL RL-068-2011; with the Local Development Council of Cebu City; and membership in networks of non governmental organizations.

To date, Pagtambayayong has directly assisted more than 171 community associations with 13,125 households to purchase homelots amounting to Php 433,508,000 under the community Mortgage Program and other similar programs of the government. It has also directly assisted 33 community associations with 3,500 households acquire their house and lots under mutual fund for socialized housing.

It has undertaken various site and neighborhood development projects and promoted employment and livelihood activities, including house construction, production of construction materials, composting of household waste and urban gardening.

It has indirectly benefitted a large number of urban poor communities through its capability building program with a number of local government units and non-government organizations nationwide. Many of these groups are actively promoting similar activities in their respective localities.

It has indirectly benefitted a large number of urban poor communities through its advocacy program. The conceptualization and development of community mortgage program was greatly influenced by Pagtambayayong.

History of the relationship with DISOP

The PFI – DISOP Partnership started in January 2008 of the Phase 1 of the Integrated Community Development in the South Coastal Slums of Cebu. The project concentrated on the coastal community of Mambaling whose primary objective is to improve the employment situation of 600 families in 3 Sitios in Barangay Mambaling. The project evolved in Phase 2, whose primary objective is to improve the employment situation of 800 families in Barangay Duljo, a barangay adjacent to Barangay Mambaling and to continue to strengthen the POs organized in Phase 1.

The annual DISOP conference for partners was held in Cebu City and Co-hosted by PFI and PBSP in 2011.

Integration of lessons learned from the previous project

Pagtambayayong practices the CO method of Action-Reflection, wherein a reflection has to be conducted prior after each and every activity and prior to succeeding activities. This includes data gathering through integration and groundworking, action-reflection activities and engaging maximum people’s participation.

The poor can only be strong when they are organized.  When the poor are organized, they are empowered and are able to demand from government to provide.

Context analysis

Way how the context analysis was made

Pagtambayayong has been working with the urban poor of Metro Cebu and other key Cities through different partners since 1982. The most pressing issue for the poor in urban areas is secure tenure since it allows them to access to their livelihood. Due to climate change and change weather patterns, there has been constant flooding within the Cities. Thus, the threat of eviction for the poor residing in the danger zones. With threat of eviction comes threat of employment and livelihood.

The Presidential Commission for the Urban Poor conducted a social survey of residents along riversides. PFI made ocular visits for validation; and organized consultations with communities on sites using the Problem Tree Analysis.

Short analysis of the political, economic and social context.

The time is apt for engagement in the danger zones since the threat that haunts the danger zone dwellers are becoming greater. Physically and naturally, because of erratic weather patterns, the storm patterns have changed and there is greater flooding in the urban areas of the Philippines. While the poor are the primary victims and most vulnerable to these calamities, often they are blamed for the flooding within the cities. Awareness on Disaster Preparedness and Management is becoming more popular and the current government has been receptive to the needs of the informal sector living in danger zones by allocating budget for training, housing and political framework. Government services both local and national has to be maximized in project implementation.

Since the riverbank dwellers are often within the city, the proposed communities are often near livelihood and employment opportunities. These opportunities however are unattainable due to their inadequate skills and access to capital. These families need to build their capabilities and assistance to capital for employment or self-employment. For families who opt for relocation, it is assumed that their livelihood may be disrupted hence the need to strengthen their employment situation.

Relevance of the project

Description of the problem and reasons why it was chosen to work on this problematic situation

There are a very large number of people who live in the riverbanks and disaster prone areas in the urban cities all over the Philippines. According to a survey conducted by the Presidential Commission for the Urban Poor Region VII, there are at least 2,308 households residing in danger zones in Cebu City as of April 30, 2013.

According to the said survey, the occupants are palpably constitutes only 10% of the households who reside in the riverbanks of Cebu City, thus an estimated total of around 6,000 hh in the entire Cebu City. The Commission further estimates that there are 2,903 hh in Lapu-Lapu City, 230 households in Liloan, 2,636 households in Mandaue City, and 721 among the poorest of the poor and their areas are officially classified as danger zones and are completely devoid of basic services.

Although they should be classified as the primary victims of climate change, they are generally being blamed as the main cause for the floods that now plague many cities of the Philippines. The present Mayor of Cebu City tried to forcibly demolish the homes of at least a thousand riverbank dwellers without relocation or financial assistance. The Secretary of the Department of Public Works and Highways recently threatened to literally blast their homes if they will not immediately demolish these themselves.

The aim of the project is to develop solutions that are agreeable for all stakeholders through maximum people’s participation. These could be On-site development such as upgrading, improvement of structures and develop innovative housing technologies that are appropriate in said areas.

The purpose of the project is to enable the riverbank dwellers to develop, propose and cause the implementation of an Integrated Development program that is also humane and equitable for the riverbank dwellers.

Geographical location of the project

The project will be implemented in similar sites in the Cities of Cebu, Tagbilaran and Ilo-ilo.  In Tagbilaran City, the project will be jointly implemented with the Social Action Center, in Ilo-ilo City with the Ilo-ilo Peoples Habitat Foundation and in Cebu City, primarily by Pagtambayayong Foundation.

The target communities are in disaster prone areas in the Cities of Cebu, Tagbilaran and Ilo-ilo. These communities are often families living near the rivers and creeks and are often faced with threats of eviction and endangering their lives because of poor housing.

In the case of Tagbilaran City, Bohol, the project will develop the capacity of a group of seaside dwellers who are currently residing near the seaport but are searching for a relocation site. In Ilo-ilo City, the project will be implemented in flood prone areas. And in Cebu City, the project will be implemented in the various riverbank areas either on site or off site.

Description of the target communities and final beneficiaries

In Tagbilaran City the project will be implemented in a relocation site located in a nearby Municipality by a group of sea side dwellers at the sea port and who are facing eviction. They have saved money to purchase the land at the price of 50 Pesos per square meter. The association cannot access funds from the government since the land is covered only by a tax declaration.

In Ilo-ilo City, the project will be implemented in flood prone areas occupied by organized urban poor groups. These target beneficiaries are engaged in informal income generating activities with an average income of 3,000-4,000 per month.   And in Cebu City, the project will be implemented in the various riverbank areas either on site or off site.


  • Local actors: Local civil society and public authorities, including decentralised
  • Description
  1. The project will coordinate with all the agencies involved under RA 10121. An act strenghtening the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework and Institutionalizing the National Risk Reduction and Management Plan, Appropriating Funds thereof and for other purposes. It is headed by the Secretary of National Defense with four Vice –chairpersons  namely from DOST taking the lead in disaster prevention and mitigation ; DILG for disaster preparedness to help strenghten communities to anticpate, cope and recover during and after the disaster from the negative impacts of occurrences and disaster ; DSWD for emergency response especially  in meeting the basic need of the affected families ; NEDA for disaster rehabilitation and recovery.
  2. The project will directly coordinate with the City and Barangay Risk Reduction and Management Council and the Barangay Risk Reduction Commitees.
  3. Presidential Commission for the Urban Poor (PCUP) –will assist in community planning and in cases of demolition and identification of possible relocation site. The agency also serves as the direct link of the urban poor to the government in policy and program implementation. In Region VII, Cebu, a special task Force was created for the urban Poor groups of metro Cebu.
  4. Cebu City LGU for site upgrading and utilities ; DENR for subdivision approval and necessary licenses and permits.
  5. Micro finance institutions and local banks for access to capital.
  6. Private institution and companies e.g. Global Solution for skills and technical training
  7. DMDP
  • Analysis of the ways used to strengthen their capacities – Before undergoing training, there will be Training Needs Analysis and Scenario Planning among the POs. Sometime after the training, there will be follow up activities to ensure that the learnings are internalized.
  • Foreign or international actors – Australian Volunteer for skills and enterprise development.
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