DISOP Philippines

Promoting Sustainable Agriculture in the Upland and Coastal Communities in the Municipality of Anahawan, Southern Leyte, Philippines


South Pacific Integrated Area Development Foundation, Inc. (SPIADFI) District 11, Hinundayan, Southern Leyte

For the past 5 years, SPIADFI was already implementing Sustainable Agriculture in the 6 barangays in Hinundayan, 1 in Barangay Bobon, 1 in Barangay Malibago and 8 barangays of Hinunangan, all in the pacific area of Southern Leyte. Through this project, SPIADFI was accredited with the Agricultural Training Institute- Region 8, as Private Extension Provider in the whole Region 8 to deliver the concept on organic farming in the remote communities of Southern Leyte. To effectively deliver the services, SPIADFI organized pool of farmer trainer. Currently, these farmer trainers were already conducting trainings to other SPIADFI project sites and continue attending trainings and seminars to enhance their knowledge and skills.

Aside from the accreditation received from ATI, SPIADFI also received Panata Ko a Bayan Award (Best NGO) for implementing sustainable development projects for the disadvantaged women, farmers and fisher folks in the municipalities of Silago, Hinunangan, Hinundayan, Anahawan, St. Bernard, San Juan, Tomas Oppus, Bontoc, Sogod and Pana-on Island, all in Southern Leyte, Philippines This award was made possible because DISOP provided budget for process documentation of farmers best practices.

Historic of the relationship with DISOP:

Year 2007 was our first contact with DISOP. Year after our proposal on Capability Building and Development of Farmers Association Through Sustainable Agriculture Southern Leyte, Philippines was approved, covering 5 barangays in Hinundayan, 1 barangay in St. Bernard and I barangay in San Juan all in Southern Leyte. Within this period we experienced a whole some relationship together with our partner families.

Integration of lessons learned from the previous project:

Lessons learned from the previous project cycle was given an important consideration in the planning for replication and adoption to other project sites.

Context analysis

Way how the context analysis was made:

For the past, 5 years, SPIADFI in collaboration with DISOP, Heifer, line agencies and Academe was into developmental activities. Through these efforts we were able to organize and registered 14 Pos . The LGUs, line agencies and Academe recognized SPIADFI as their local counterpart in implementing project and programs in far flung communities.

The post survey analysis showed that some of our partner families have already significant increased income, able to pay old debts, improved housing condition and sent their children to college. Presence of naturally grown products were already noticed in the local market. As a phasing out mechanism, organize POs will be federation for marketing and technical support of their existing enterprises.

The implemented family enterprises contributed to the local economy development of the barangays and municipality as a whole.

Short analysis of the political, economic and social context

  •  Political – The May 13, 2013, local election is over. The incumbent Local Chief Executive and all incumbent Sangguniang Members have been re-elected. Thus, program support to our beneficiaries shall be sustained, especially, these groups are into income generating activities and fish sanctuary establishment that needs legislation and fringe financial support.
  •  Economic – The implemented family enterprises contributed to the local economy development of the barangays and municipality as a whole. These partner families planted more or less 5 has. Of native crop e.g. gabi and banana to diversify their income. The partner families at present, can demand the market price of their products, specifically on the naturally grown swine and vegetables.  Due to a well-protected fish sanctuary and active Municipal Fisheries and Acquatic Management Council (MFARMC), the local fisher folks noticed and increased in fish catch and hopefully increased in income. The members of the MFARMCs and bantay dagat are receiving monthly honorarium from the LGUs.  The 4Ps project of the DSWD also contributed in the upliftment of the economic condition of the communities
  •  Social – The organized POs are already in various governance mechanism such, Fisheries and Acquatic Management Councils, Municipal Development Council and others, however there is still a need for POs to be consolidated and be integrated into higher level – federated to have a higher voice for negotiation and bargaining for reforms , legislation and financial support.
  •  Environment – The municipality of Anahawan has a well protected Watershed which is potential for tourist destination. The organized Bantay Gubat are active, since, they are receiving regular honorarium from the LGUS. All of the members of bantay gubat are members of the organized groups. SPIADFI in collaboration with UNDP, DENR and 5 POs already reforested 15 has. Of natives trees around the watershed area and another 5 hectares of assorted fruit trees and native crops in the production area.. These farmers are already practicing sustainable agriculture

Relevance of the project

Description of the problem and reasons why it was chosen to work on this problematic

The municipality of Anahawan is a fifth class municipality and basically an agricultural area. It has a total land area of 52.08 km. The total population is 8,282, four (4) coastal and five (5) upland barangays. The main source of income is farming and fishing. Average family size is 4.8 with a monthly income of  P4,400.00. Due to lack of livelihood opportunities and inappropriate farming technology among upland farmers, forest resource became the source of livelihood. For the coastal families, they depend on the depleted marine resources. The upland farmers practiced kaingin. This system became threat to Anahawan Watershed and marine resources. Anahawan Water shed is the main source of drinking water in the whole municipality.

Like other LGU’s, efforts have been very minimal in making the land productive and protecting marine resources and providing them alternative source of livelihood the municipality to move them out to poverty. This municipality is also the fishing ground of the six (6) municipalities of the Pacific Area in Southern Leyte, respectively.

For a long period of time, the farmers and fisher folks in this municipality were suffering vicious cycle of poverty, because majority if not all of them are tenant coconut farmers. Lack of education and knowledge on the recent farming and fishing techniques, resulted to depletion of their main source of living the land and sea.

This municipality was being selected because we have already an on- going intervention in the five (5) upland communities, which is the watershed areas. Based on our observation, there is still a need to sustain our effort specifically on community forest management in order to save the Anahawan Watershed and the marine life. Ridge to reef and value chain approach we be applied to ensure effective and efficient program implementation.

Another reason was that, the distance of these barangays from the town is quiet far ranges from 6-7 kilometers, where private high school is located. With poor road condition, distance from private and public school, coupled with no sufficient / permanent source of income to send their children to school, it further increases school dropped out. At present, there are more or less 50 school dropped outs who are non productive and almost lost their interest in attending formal education. The concept on Community Education and Formation of Families through Alternancia is the best approach.

Geographical location of the project

The municipality of Anahawan is a fifth class municipality in the Southern part of the island of Leyte, Philippines. It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Hinundayan, on the south is the municipality of San Juan, on the east by Surigao Strait and on the west by the municipalities of San Juan and Hinunangan. It is one of the municipalities that comprises the Cabalian Bay.

Anahawan is composed of fourteen (14) barangays; nine (9) which are coastal,namely:  Lewing, Looc, Mahalo, Amagusan,  Poblacion , Canlabian, San Vicente and Tagup-on ,Poblacion and the rest are of the five (5) upland barangays are the following: Manigawong, Mainit, Capacuhan, Calinta-an and Kanginkingan.  It has total land area of 52.08 km. which is distributed among the 14 barangays. The total population is 8,282. The proposed barangays are accessible in almost fronts and directions road are passable of all vehicle.

Description of the target communities and final beneficiaries  

The target project beneficiaries are the farming and fishing families of the fourteen (14) barangays of this municipality. 95% of the upland farmers are already practicing organic farming because these areas are quite far from the town proper, most often, the mode of transportation is only through single motor cycle. Freight and handling of goods is P 40 per sack. For almost two (2) years ago, SPIADFI had project interventions in these five (5) upland barangays in terms of providing livelihood assistance, e.g. gabi and assorted fruit trees in their own farm and reforestation activities inside the watershed area.

These are mix group of women and men. Their main source of income is farming and fishing. The main crops planted are coconut, gabi, banana, root crops and vegetable. Majority of them raised livestock e.g. swine and poultry. The average family income is P 4,400.00 per month with an average family size of 4.8 living under nipa hut or semi concrete. The poverty incidence is quite high 64.26%. Most of the poor people live in the coastal areas. This figure is way below to be able to support the basic needs of the family.


  • Local actors: Local civil society and public authorities, including decentralised
  • Description : Pooling their resources, and skills of the different stakeholders presence like DENR, BFAR, PNP, ACADEME, line Agencies and LGUs   will be done for effective and efficient project implementation.
  • Analysis of the ways used to strengthen their capacities – The resources and skills in these stakeholders presence in the area will be tapped to strengthen the capabilities of the people’s organization.
  • Foreign or international actors – SPIADFI will look for another foreign or international donor to support technical and marketing support of the PO products.
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